Covid-19 outbreak has shaken up the world for more than a year now. This disease is a part of wide range of diseases known as zoonotic diseases. Zoonosis (plural zoonoses) are diseases transmitted between animals and man. These diseases are on the rise, as a result of long-term human activities such as deforestation, urbanization and agricultural expansion. Climate change has added fuel to the flames by helping the pathogens to spread in a much faster pace, since the rising global temperature favors them.
Wayanad being a district with large forest cover, the possibility of zoonotic spread is relatively high. Over the years, cases of Rabies, Dengue, Monkey fever, Leptospirosis ,H1N1 and so on were reported from different parts of the district.
Considering the situation, detailed studies to analyze and understand the nature of such diseases is requisite. Hume Centre for Ecology and Wildlife Biology is aiming to conduct a detailed study on the spread of Zoonotic diseases in Wayanad district. Our team has already identified several
human-animal conflict areas to collect data on this subject. Wayanad district has been divided into different cells, each of about 25sq.km. From each cell, about 50 families are selected to be surveyed. We have developed a new Application called Zoonosis Wayanad to carry out the survey. Successful completion of this study would help us identify the potential vectors and the area’s which are most prone to these diseases. Such information would help us to predict the probable outbreaks in the coming future.